Study: exercise improves cognitive performance in older adults
Leisure Opportunities
Job search
Job Search
see all jobs
Latest job opportunities
Merlin Entertainments Group
Competitive
Goshen, New York, USA
star job
Brio Leisure
£39,638 per annum
Ellesmore Port Sports Village
star job
Weston Park
Competitive
Shifnal, Shropshire, UK
Lex Leisure
Competitive
Bexleyheath, UK
Circadian Leisure Trust
£8.21 - £8.70 per hour
Longwell Green, Bristol, UK

Study: exercise improves cognitive performance in older adults

Job opportunities
training opportunity
Focus Training
location: Nationwide, United Kingdom
more jobs

Exercise alters brain blood flow and improves cognitive performance in older adults, according to research by the University of Maryland School of Public Health (UMD).

The study, published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, showed that exercise was associated with improved brain function in a group of adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Perhaps surprisingly, the positive effects of exercise recorded in the study were thanks to a decrease in the blood flow in key brain regions.

“A reduction in blood flow may seem a little contrary to what you would assume happens after going on an exercise programme,” explained Dr. J. Carson Smith, associate professor of UMD's Department of Kinesiology and one of the report's authors.

“But after 12-weeks of exercise, adults with MCI experienced decreases in cerebral blood flow. They simultaneously improved significantly in their scores on cognitive tests.”

According to Smith, the effects are down to the effects of MCI.

Those beginning to experience subtle memory loss, the brain is in “crisis mode” and may try to compensate for the inability to function optimally by increasing cerebral blood flow.

While elevated cerebral blood flow is usually considered beneficial to brain function, there is evidence to suggest it may actually be a harbinger of further memory loss in those diagnosed with MCI.

The results of the study by Dr. Smith and his team suggests exercise may have the potential to reduce this compensatory blood flow and improve cognitive efficiency in those in the very early stages of Alzheimer’s Disease.

A control group of cognitively healthy older adults without MCI also underwent the exercise training programme, consisting of four 30-minute sessions of moderate-intensity treadmill walking per week.

The programme, however, yielded different responses from each group.

Unlike the group with MCI, whose exercise training decreased cerebral blood flow, the exercise training increased cerebral blood flow in the frontal cortex in the healthy group after 12 weeks.

Their performance on the cognitive tests also significantly improved, as was observed the MCI group.

“Our findings provide evidence that exercise can improve brain function in people who already have cognitive decline,” Smith added.

“We have an interest in targeting people who are at increased risk for developing Alzheimer’s earlier in the disease process. We are seeing that exercise can impact biomarkers of brain function in a way that might protect people by preventing or postponing the onset of dementia.”

To download the full report, click here to access the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease through the IOS website.

Sign up for FREE ezines & magazines
Exercise alters brain blood flow and improves cognitive performance in older adults, according to a research by University of Maryland School of Public Health (UMD).
HAF,FIT,IND,PTS,ACD,RES,SSC,PUB
imagesX/THUMB340702_689074_305996.jpg

More News

1 - 15 of 38,849
19 Jul 2019
Urgently-needed repair work has begun on the Grade II listed Power Hall at Manchester's Science and Industry Museum, following an injection of funding from the ... More
19 Jul 2019
The Global Wellness Institute (GWI) has announced a new initiative to explore opportunities wellness is creating in retail. Members of the newly formed Initiative will ... More
19 Jul 2019
The Horniman Museum and Gardens in London is seeking feedback on concept plans produced by Studio Egret West that are designed to make the museum ... More
19 Jul 2019
The Green Spa Network has elected to new board members to its team: Teresa Flyger, director, global brand wellness at Hilton Worldwide and Sallie Fraenkel, ... More
19 Jul 2019
Three out of the six projects on this year's Stirling Prize shortlist are leisure-related, underlining the sector's reputation for producing innovative architecture. The Macallan Distillery ... More
19 Jul 2019
The Prime Minister’s head of news and official spokesperson for Number 10, Alison Donnelly, will join Sport England later this year. Donnelly has been appointed ... More
STA
STA
18 Jul 2019
Exercise has the ability to improve brain function in previously sedentary, overweight individuals. The University of Tübingen in Germany studied a group of overweight or ... More
18 Jul 2019
A planning application has been submitted for a £23m leisure centre in Coalville, Leicestershire. The plans include replacing the ageing Hermitage Leisure Centre with a ... More
17 Jul 2019
The Global Wellness Summit (GWS) has announced that landscape-designer-turned-architect Bill Bensley will deliver a keynote speech on hospitality design and sustainability at this year's summit ... More
17 Jul 2019
Plans have been unveiled for an ice skating destination in east London. Featuring an Olympic-size, twin-rink ice centre, the facility project is being driven by ... More
17 Jul 2019
Leading UK cancer charities have called for newly diagnosed to be prescribed exercise and nutrition plans, in order to help their recovery. Macmillan Cancer Support, ... More
17 Jul 2019
Sport England has published new planning guidance, which aims to make it simpler and easier for local authorities and planning bodies to develop community sports ... More
MoveGB
MoveGB
16 Jul 2019
A new national campaign looks to dispel negative perceptions about disability, inclusion and sport. Charity Activity Alliance (formerly the English Federation of Disability Sport) has ... More
16 Jul 2019
Pure Gym has appointed Premier Global NASM as its exclusive UK fitness training provider. The partnership will see Pure Gym personal trainers receive discounts on ... More
16 Jul 2019
Solent University has officially opened its new £28m sports and fitness centre. The centre houses two sports halls, three gyms, an indoor cycling studio, two ... More
Alliance Leisure
Alliance Leisure
1 - 15 of 38,849
STA-Swimming Teachers Association
STA-Swimming Teachers Association